In the UK, over 200 people were killed in 2013 after accidents that involved someone who was over the legal limit for drinking and driving. If we get the figures right, almost 240 people died due to those incidents. Despite these figures looking extremely high, it has been observed that accidents which involved drink driving have reduced largely over the last 35 years.
When we compare the deaths due to road accidents caused by the drunk drivers, we can clearly see that the number has reduced by more than three quarters over the past three decades.
80 milligrammes of alcohol for 80 millimetres of blood is the acceptable volume for drivers in England and Wales, while the volume for 100 millilitres of breath is 35 microgrammes, and 107 milligrams for 100 millilitres of urine.
In other European nations, the limit has been set at 50 mg for every 100 mL of blood.
Drivers within Scotland have a different limit than the rest of the UK. In December 2014, Scotland reduced the limit to 50 mg of alcohol in every 100 mL of blood. 22 micrograms of alcohol was accepted for every 100 millilitres of breath too.
The reason of the lowering of the limit according to the government in Scotland was to make the country's roads safer and to align themselves with other countries in Europe.
If you're trying to stay under the legal drinking and driving limit, there is no exact formula to use. Not everyone has a single scale; rather there are things that are considered before checking up the drinking limit.
The following are the factors that determine it:
Minor quantities of alcohol can affect your driving and therefore, the best advice that can be provided is to avoid any alcohol if you intend to drive.
A number of the body's functions which we depend upon to drive safely are affected when we consume alcohol:
Your capabilities to see without any problems when operating a vehicle can also be compromised because you can get double and fuzzy vision. If the brain as well as the sight does not work properly, chances are that you will end up in a dangerous situation.
Even a small quantity of alcohol will affect your ability to drive, and it would be safer if you avoided any alcohol if you are going to drive.
You will be taken out of the car to the side if the police want to investigate you to see if you are under the normal limit of drinking. A breathalyser is what will used to conduct this test.
If they found out that you were drunk, or they even got a clue that you have drunk alcohol before driving, you will be immediately taken to the police station to check your breath out. An advanced breathalyser will be used at their station, where up to two breath specimens of yours will be collected.
To determine whether you are driving above the limit, the breath specimen that reads lower will be used.
You can choose to switch to a blood or urine test (police decide the exact one) if the sample you provide for the breath test is up to 40 percent over the limit. They will press charges against you if the evidential specimens show that you have exceeded the limit.
You will be tested out for various reasons using breathalyser, like if you have violated the traffic rules or you have almost been caught in an accident.
The police have been given the discretion to stop any vehicle and will often award you drink driving checkpoints over occasions such as Christmas and New Year's Eve.
The fine for driving while over the legal alcohol limit can be up to 5000 pounds and you can also have your license suspended for 12 months or more. About 3 to 11 penalty driving points may also be slammed on you. Police can also send you to the jail for more than six months. If your drinking limit and involvement in accidents and other violations is high, then, you will be charged with all of the punishments mentioned above. If you are stopped for drink driving more than once during a 10-year period, you are likely to be banned from driving for at least three years.