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Medication For Treating Addiction

Treating Addiction With Medicines


The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.


Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

The body must detox in the first stages of rehab to allow the drug to leave the body completely. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.

The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the usage and history of drug, the rigorousness of withdrawal signs may vary. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. They may include:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Gloominess
  • Feeling sick
  • Fits
  • Body pain
  • Profuse sweating

There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
  • The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • With no drugs, an addict can't develop natural quantities of joy- generating chemicals in their brain.
  • It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed for treating alcohol and opiate-related withdrawal symptoms; it gives relief by reducing the intense perspiring, muscle spasms, body pains and stress.
  • Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

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Medicines For Treating Alcohol Addiction

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

PAWS can help relieve cravings or make the patient unable to tolerate alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.


For liquor addiction these medicines are included:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
  • It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
  • Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
  • Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
  • Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and sedative painkillers such as Oxycontin are included in Opiates. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

There withdrawal times are less than a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
  • The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
  • Additional Facts about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • The addiction potential is less in Buprenorphine yet it works like a Methadone.
  • This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • It puts an end to cravings.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Treatment Centres And Medical Detoxification

Some people pick detoxification on their own. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. If patient felt any type of pain the doctor are there for help. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Inpatient rehab acquire 30-90 days in some cases. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.